Prostate Cancer- New Treatment - The Chemoembolization

The Chemoembolization

Just before, during and after the procedure the patients take an ansiolytic per mouth. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory are given trough an intravenous line. Local anesthesia is given in the inguinal zone, through which the femoral artery is punctured. A slender flexible plastic tube (catheter) is placed in that artery. Then, the prostatic arteries of the opposite side to the puncture site are catheterized with a microcatheter with 1 mm of diameter. Placement of the catheter into the small prostatic arteries is done under X-Ray control, citostatic drugs are injected in prostate artery. Polyvinyl alcohol particles (PVA) are used to block those arteries. This material is innocuous and doesn’t give any reaction. It will be absorbed in 6 months and has been used is US over 50 years for other kinds of embolization.

At the end, a final text is performed to check that most small prostatic arteries are blocked. Following that, the catheter is taken out and placed in the ipsilateral prostatic arteries and chemoembolization is performed as mentioned above. The procedure lasts about 1 hour.




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